Your type 4c coily hair consists of tightly coiled or densely packed curls with
minimal defined patterns. It may appear more like a "Z" or "S" pattern when
stretched. This hair type is delicate, fragile, and requires regular moisture to
combat dryness and maintain length retention. The hair may be more prone to
knots and requires careful handling to minimise damage. We recommend that
where possible to buy products specially designed for your hair type.
Use a sulfate-free hydrating shampoo to prevent excessive drying and
preserve natural oils. Focus on the scalp and gently cleanse the length of the hair.
Consider incorporating co-washing (washing with conditioner) into your routine to
retain moisture and avoid stripping natural oils.
Apply a moisturising conditioner, concentrating on the mid-lengths and ends.
Detangle hair with a wide-tooth comb or fingers while the conditioner is still in.
Regularly use a deep conditioner or hair mask to provide intense hydration. Focus
on the ends and use a plastic cap or apply heat to enhance product absorption.
Use a wide-tooth comb, your fingers or detangling brush to gently detangle hair
when wet and coated with conditioner. Start at the ends and work your way up to
the roots to prevent breakage.
Apply a leave-in conditioner or curl cream to damp hair, ensuring even distribution.
Use the praying hands or finger-coiling method to define curls and minimise frizz.
Seal in moisture with a natural oil or butter. Type 4 hair tends to be very dry and
prone to breakage. It’s important to moisturize your hair regularly using a waterbased
moisturizer, leave-in conditioner, or hair oil. You can also use the LOC
(Liquid, Oil, Cream) method to seal in moisture.
• Humectants like glycerin and aloe vera, which hydrates, softens, moisturises,
and promotes healthy hair growth.
• Coconut oil, known for its moisturising properties, to nourish and add shine to
• Shea butter, which provides intense moisture and helps with manageability,
softness, and reducing frizz.
• Olive oil, known for its moisturising and nourishing properties, to add shine and
• Jojoba oil known for its ability to moisturise and mimic the natural oils
produced by the scalp, in order to nourish and protect type 4C hair.
Protective Styles: wear protective styles like braids, twists, or updos to minimise
manipulation and protect the ends from damage. Use a satin or silk scarf or bonnet
to protect your hair at night.
tools like flat irons and curling irons. Instead, try to embrace your natural texture
and use heat-free styling techniques like twist-outs, braid-outs, bantu knots or a
form of flexi rods.
Avoid harsh chemicals: Type 4 hair is delicate and can be easily damaged by
harsh chemicals like relaxers and hair dyes. If you must use chemicals on your
hair, be sure to use a mild formula and follow the instructions carefully.
Incorporate protein treatments to strengthen your hair and reduce breakage.
Trim your hair every 3-4 months to get rid of split ends and promote healthy hair
Type 4 hair is fragile. Be patient with it and handle it gently. Wear your hair
natural in-between protective hairstyles to allow the scalp to breathe and reduce
risk of stress, irritation, and inflammation.
Read our article on Suitable Saloon treatment for your hair type here.
Observing progress after a change in your care routine requires some patience, as
hair changes often take time to become noticeable. Here's a step-by-step guide to
help you effectively observe changes in your hair health:
routine, take detailed notes and pictures of your hair's current condition. This will
serve as a baseline for comparison later on.
multiple changes all at once. Introduce one change at a time, such as switching
to a new shampoo or altering your conditioning routine. This will help you
pinpoint the specific factor that might be affecting your hair.
Be patient and consistent with your new routine.
during combing, brushing, and showering. A decrease in excessive shedding and
breakage might indicate improved hair health. Note that if you wear protective
hair style for a long period of time shedding can be more than usual.
and overall appearance. Look for signs of frizz reduction, improved manageability,
and enhanced shine.
scalp becomes less oily, less flaky, or less itchy with the changes you've made.
your hair or mark a specific spot and observe if it grows faster or looks healthier.
volume and thickness. Take note if your hair feels fuller or more voluminous after
might not notice yourself. Ask friends or family members if they notice any
positive changes in your hair's appearance or texture.
of time, consider adjusting your routine further. It's possible that the specific
change you made isn't working for your hair type or needs.
condition with the baseline you documented initially. Assess the changes
objectively based on your observations.
any positive changes, consider consulting a dermatologist or a professional
hairstylist. They can provide personalized advice based on your hair's needs.
not work for another. Finding the right hair care routine may require some trial
and error. Be open to experimenting while paying close attention to how your hair